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Follow up to Rio+20                                                                             launch of Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform 

Rio+20, one of the largest conferences ever convened by the United Nations, ushers in a new era for implementing sustainable development. The Conference was a rare opportunity for the world to focus on sustainability issues - to examine ideas, forge partnerships and solutions.

There were several outcomes to the Rio+20 Conference. The political outcome, The Future We Want, agreed to by all 193 countries, charts the way forward for international cooperation on sustainable development. In addition, governments, businesses and other civil society partners registered more than 700 commitments to concrete actions that will deliver results on the ground to address specific needs, such as sustainable energy and transport.

In the follow-up to Rio+20, a new website has been launched; the Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform (SDKP), available at http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org

The platform contain information pertaining to the past nineteen years of normative and analytical work of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD), a wealth of content from the preparatory process of Rio+20, and is the go to place for the Rio+20 follow-up.

If you previously had a username/password to the Rio+20 conference website (www.uncsd2012.org), then hold on to it, as the same is valid for the SD knowledge platform. You can already now sign in, but will in the month of this October be able to interact more extensively with the platform, including sharing relevant news, publications, meetings, take part of consultative processes, signing up for partnerships, and more.

We will communicate more information in the coming months on the follow-up to Rio+20. Stay tuned.

Do not miss the following pages:

• Rio+20 outcome document, The Future We Want: http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/futurewewant.html 
• Follow-up to Rio+20: http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/rio20.html 
• How is the UN System following up to Rio+20? See our interactive matrix at: http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/followupbyunsystem.html 
• Partnerships for Sustainable Development: http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/partnerships.html 
• Newly launched registry of Voluntary Commitments: http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/commitments.html 
• Sustainable Development in action: http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sustainabledevelopmentinaction.html • Read up on a wide range of Sustainable Development related topics/areas:http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/topics.html

Sustainable Development

Sustainable Development

Is a new term that grew out of the conservation/environmental movement of the 1970's. While the conservation/environmental movement asked questions about preserving the Earth's resources, sustainable development includes questions about how human decisions affect the Earth's environment.

At this moment, sustainable development means different things to different people/groups. The most widely held definition is that of the Brundtland Commission Report of 1987 which stated we must " meet the needs fo the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs". In other words, when people make decisions about how to use the Earth's resources.


Engaging Civil Society on Sustainability

UNEP’s Mandate and Evolving Priorities
Established in 1972, UNEP’s mission is: “To provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring
for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and peoples to improve their
quality of life without compromising that of future generations.”
In response to changing internal and external conditions, UNEP has recently developed a new
Medium-Term Strategy (MTS) to guide the organisation’s work between 2010 and 2013. In
February 2008, UNEP’s member-governments authorised the UNEP Executive Director to use this
draft strategy in developing the organisation’s future programme of work. (For further information,
see http://www.unep.org/civil_society/GCSF9/pdfs/MTS-GCSS-X-8-ProposedStrategy.pdf.)
The overall vision of UNEP incorporated into the MTS is for UNEP “to be the leading global
environmental authority that sets the global environmental agenda, that promotes the coherent
implementation of the environmental dimensions of sustainable development within the United
Nations system and that serves as an authoritative advocate for the global environment.”
The Medium-Term Strategy is based upon UNEP’s mandate, which has continually evolved since
the creation of UNEP in 1972. Most recently, UNEP’s Governing Council adopted the Bali Strategic
Plan for Technology Support and Capacity-building (the Bali Strategic Plan) in February 2005.
The goal of the Bali Strategic Plan is to strengthen technology support and capacity building, or
human capital, in both developing countries and countries in economic transition. It provides
a framework for co-operation between UNEP, multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs),
and other bodies engaged in environmental capacity building, including the United Nations
Development Programme (UNDP), the Global Environment Facility (GEF), civil society, and other
relevant stakeholders. (For further information, see http://www.unep.org/DEC/OnLineManual/
The UNEP Medium-Term Strategy defines the following five primary roles as central to UNEP’s
ü Keeping the world environmental situation under review;
ü Catalysing and promoting international co-operation and action;
ü Providing policy advice and early warning information, based upon sound science and
ü Facilitating the development, implementation, and evolution of norms and standards and
developing coherent interlinkages among international environmental conventions;
ü Strengthening technology support and capacity in line with country needs and priorities.
The MTS took account of broader international developments in considering UNEP’s current
role. For example, it notes that the international community is now working towards sustainable
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development as a result of the outcomes of the “Earth Summit” held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992
and the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002. It also points out
that there is renewed focus on the future evolution of international environmental governance
within the United Nations system itself, including calls for greater coherence within the United
Nations system and an increased focus on the role of civil society and the private sector, on being
responsive to country-level priorities, and on results-based management.
The Medium-Term Strategy reorients UNEP’s Programme of Work around six thematic issue
priorities: Climate Change, Disasters and Conflict, Ecosystem Management, Environmental
Governance, Harmful Substances and Hazardous Wastes, and Resource Efficiency and Sustainable
Consumption and Production.
The MTS also discusses a range of tools and institutional mechanisms for implementing its priorities
and objectives. Regarding stakeholder participation, for example, the MTS notes that UNEP will
further strengthen its co-operation with civil society and the private sector, and that it will engage
the full range of major groups and non-governmental actors, including those active at the local,
national, regional, or global levels, and those oriented towards advocacy, research, and business.
The MTS also calls for UNEP to move towards a strategic presence model, based on UNEP deploying
its staff and resources more strategically in response to regional and country needs and to enable
UNEP to work more effectively with the rest of the UN system and with other partners. Towards
this end, the MTS calls for strengthening the role of UNEP’s regional offices. It also emphasises
the importance of integrating gender equality and equity in all of UNEP’s policies, programmes,
and projects and within its institutional structures and in the work that UNEP undertakes with its
various partners and other United Nations agencies.
The Role of UNEP’s Secretariat
UNEP’s Secretariat is composed of about 600 staff members. More than half of them are hired
internationally and the rest are recruited locally. The Secretariat is charged with the implementation
of the member states’ decisions. It manages an annual budget of approximately US$180 million,
most of which is contributed by governments.1
11 Figures based on 2008–2009 numbers provided in Report of the Executive Director, Governing Council of the United Nations
Environment Programme, “Proposed biennial programme and support budgets for 2010–2011.”
UNEP’s budget comes from four sources:
ü The Environment Fund (43%), voluntary funds contributed by governments to finance UNEP activities.
ü Trust Funds (36%), voluntary funds contributed by governments to finance specific UNEP activities.
ü Earmarked contributions (16%), voluntary funds from governments, UN agencies, other organisations, and individuals, and earmarked
for specific activities.
ü UN Regular Budget (4%), compulsory funds provided by UN General Assembly.
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UNEP’s headquarters is located in Nairobi, Kenya. The organisation also has six regional offices as
well as several national offices and collaborating centres.

United Nations Rio + 20 Follow Up

UN System implementation follow-up to Rio+20
The United Nations Secretary-General, along with United Nations system organizations, developed a framework for the follow up to Rio+20 by the United Nations. The framework focuses on the mandates of Rio+20 specifically directed at the United Nations system. This implementation framework serves as an accountability framework as well as a working tool to promote and monitor progress. This framework is continuously updated as we progress in our work and as new initiatives are launched.


II. Renewing political commitment


B. Advancing Integration, Implementation, and Coherence: Assessing the progress to date and the remaining gaps in the implementation of the outcomes of the major summits on sustainable development and addressing new and emerging challenges
We note the need for sustainable development strategies to proactively address youth employment at all levels. In this regard, we recognize the need for a global strategy on youth and employment building on the work of the International Labour Organization.
UN Statistical Commission, in consultation with relevant UN System entities and other relevant organizations, to launch a programme of work on broader measures of progress to complement GDP


C. Engaging major groups and other stakeholders
Companies, especially publicly listed and large companies, to consider integrating sustainability information into their reporting cycle. Interested governments as well as relevant stakeholders with the support of the UN system to develop models for best practice and facilitate action for the integration of sustainability reporting taking into account experiences from already existing frameworks and paying particular attention to the needs of developing countries, including for capacity- building
United Nations, international financial institutions (IFIs) and multilateral development banks (MDBs) to cooperate, within their respective mandates, recognizing their role in mobilizing resources for sustainable development.


III. Green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication
Governments to improve knowledge and statistical capacity on job trends, developments and constraints and integrate relevant data into national statistics, with the support of relevant UN agencies within their mandates.
UN System, in cooperation with relevant donors and international organizations to coordinate and provide information upon request on: 
(a) matching interested countries with the partners best suited to provide requested support in; 
(b) toolboxes and/or best practices in applying policies on green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication at all levels; 
(c) models or good examples of policies of green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication; 
(d) methodologies for evaluation of policies of green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication; 
(e) existing and emerging platforms that contribute in this regard.
Relevant stakeholders, including the UN Regional Commissions, UN organizations and bodies, other relevant intergovernmental and regional organizations, international financial institutions and major groups involved in sustainable development, according to their respective mandates, to support developing countries upon request to achieve sustainable development, including through, inter alia, green economy policies in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication, in particular in least developed countries.


IV. Institutional framework for sustainable development


B. Strengthening intergovernmental arrangements for sustainable development
Strengthen UN system-wide coherence and coordination, while ensuring appropriate accountability to Member States, by, inter alia, enhancing coherence in reporting and reinforcing cooperative efforts under existing inter-agency mechanisms and strategies to advance the integration of the three dimensions of sustainable development within the United Nations system, including through exchange of information. (see para 93)
The General Assembly to further integrate sustainable development as a key element of the overarching framework for United Nations activities and adequately address sustainable development in its agenda setting, including through periodic high-level dialogues


Economic and Social Council
Strengthen ECOSOC within its Charter mandate and recognize its key role in achieving a balanced integration of the three dimensions of sustainable development. We look forward to the Review of the Implementation of General Assembly 61/16 on the Strengthening of ECOSOC.


High level political forum
Establish a universal intergovernmental high level political forum (HLPF), building on the strengths, experiences, resources and inclusive participation modalities of the Commission on Sustainable Development, and subsequently replacing the Commission.
(k) HLP Forum to inter alia strengthen the science-policy interface through review of documentation bringing together dispersed information and assessments, including in the form of a global sustainable development report, building on existing assessments;
Launch an intergovernmental and open, transparent and inclusive negotiation process under the General Assembly to define the high level forum's format and organizational aspects with the aim of convening the first high level forum at the beginning of the 68th session of the General Assembly. 
We will also consider the need for promoting intergenerational solidarity for the achievement of sustainable development, taking into account the needs of future generations, including by inviting the Secretary General to present a report on this issue.


C. Environmental pillar in the context of sustainable development
United Nations General Assembly, in its 67th Session, to adopt a Resolution strengthening and upgrading UNEP [as specified in para 88 sub paragraphs a-k]
Parties to multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) to consider further measures promote policy coherence at all relevant levels, improve efficiency, reduce unnecessary overlap and duplication, and enhance coordination and cooperation among MEAs, including the three Rio Conventions as well as with the UN system in the field.
We stress the need for the continuation of a regular review of the state of the Earth's changing environment and its impact on human well-being.


D. International financial institutions and UN operational activities
We recognize that sustainable development should be given due consideration by the programmes, funds and specialized agencies of the United Nations system and other relevant entities such as international financial institutions and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, in accordance with their respective existing mandates. In this regard, we invite them to further enhance mainstreaming of sustainable development in their respective mandates, programmes, strategies and decision-making processes, in support of the efforts of all countries, in particular developing countries, in the achievement of sustainable development. 
We reaffirm the importance of broadening and strengthening the participation of developing countries in international economic decision-making and norm-setting, .... And reiterate the importance of the reform of the governance of the Bretton Woods institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions.
The three dimensions of sustainable development to be further mainstreamed throughout the UN System, and the Secretary-General to report to the General Assembly through ECOSOC on the progress made in this regard. 
We also call for and recognize the importance of the strengthening of policy coordination within key UN Secretariat structures so as to ensure system-wide coherence in support of sustainable development, while ensuring accountability to Member States.
The governing bodies of the funds, programmes and specialized agencies of the UN development system to consider appropriate measures for integrating the social, economic and environmental dimensions across the UN System's operational activities
Strengthen operational activities for development of the UN system in the field that are well aligned with national sustainable development priorities of developing countries. We look forward to receiving the outcome of the independent evaluation of the "Delivering as One" initiative.
UN system to improve the management of facilities and operations, by taking into account sustainable development practices


E. Regional, national, sub-national, local levels
Regional and sub-regional organizations, including the UN regional commissions and their sub-regional offices, to prioritize sustainable development through, inter alia, more efficient and effective capacity building, development and implementation of regional agreements and arrangements as appropriate, and exchange of information, best practices, and lessons learnt. 
Support these institutions, including through the United Nations system 
Enhance the UN regional commissions and their sub-regional offices in their respective capacities to support Member States in implementing sustainable development.


V. Framework for action and follow-up


Poverty eradication
We emphasize the need to accord the highest priority to poverty eradication within the United Nations development agenda, addressing the root causes and challenges of poverty through integrated, coordinated and coherent strategies at all levels.


Food security and nutrition and sustainable agriculture
Promote the consideration of the Right to Food as the goal and overarching framework for Food and Nutrition Security. 
Facilitate national, regional and global food security and nutrition strategies.
Ensure that UN global policy and strategic frameworks include enhancing access by agricultural producers, in particular small producers, to productive assets, as well as empowering rural women, as part of sustainable development policies.
We reaffirm the important work and inclusive nature of the Committee on World Food Security, including through its role in facilitating country-initiated assessments on sustainable food production and food security. We take note of the ongoing discussions on responsible agricultural investment in the framework of the Committee on World Food Security, as well as the principles for responsible agricultural investment.
We take note of the Agricultural Market Information System hosted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and urge the participating international organizations, private sector actors and Governments to ensure the public dissemination of timely and quality food market information products.


Sustainable tourism
Support sustainable tourism activities and relevant capacitybuilding that promote environmental awareness, conserve and protect the environment, respect wildlife, flora, biodiversity, ecosystems and cultural diversity, and improve the welfare and livelihoods of local communities by supporting their local economies and the human and natural environment as a whole. We call for enhanced support for sustainable tourism activities and relevant capacity-building in developing countries in order to contribute to the achievement of sustainable development.
Promotion of investment in sustainable tourism, including eco-tourism and cultural tourism, which may include creating small and mediumsized enterprises and facilitating access to finance, including through microcredit initiatives for the poor, indigenous peoples and local communities in areas with high eco-tourism potential. In this regard, we underline the importance of establishing, where necessary, appropriate guidelines and regulations in accordance with national priorities and legislation for promoting and supporting sustainable tourism.


Sustainable transport
We support the development of sustainable transport systems, including energy efficient multi-modal transport systems, notably public mass transportation systems, clean fuels and vehicles... We also recognize that the special development needs of landlocked and transit developing countries need to be taken into account while establishing sustainable transit transport systems. We acknowledge the need for international support to developing countries in this regard.


Sustainable cities and human settlements
Strengthen existing cooperation mechanisms and platforms, partnership arrangements and other implementation tools to advance the coordinated implementation of the Habitat Agenda with the active involvement of all relevant United Nations entities and with the overall aim of achieving, sustainable urban development.


Health and population
We recognize that health is a precondition for and an outcome and indicator of all three dimensions of sustainable development. We understand the goals of sustainable development can only be achieved in the absence of a high prevalence of debilitating communicable and non-communicable diseases, and where populations can reach a state of physical, mental and social well-being. We are convinced that action on the social and environmental determinants of health, both for the poor and the vulnerable and for the entire population, is important to create inclusive, equitable, economically productive and healthy societies. We call for the full realization of the right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.
We recognize the importance of job creation by investing in and developing sound, effective and efficient economic and social infrastructure and productive capacities for sustainable development and sustained, inclusive and equitable economic growth. We call on countries to enhance infrastructure investment for sustainable development and we agree to support United Nations funds, programmes and agencies to help assist and promote the efforts of developing countries, particularly the least developed countries, in this regard.


Promoting full and productive employment, decent work for all and social protection
Promote the exchange of information and knowledge on decent work for all and job creation, including green jobs initiatives and related skills, and to facilitate the integration of relevant data into national economic and employment policies.
Support global dialogue on best practices for social protection programmes that takes into account the three dimensions of sustainable development


Oceans and Seas
Complete the first global integrated assessment of the state of the marine environment by 2014 and its subsequent consideration by the Assembly.
Take a decision on the development of an international instrument under UNCLOS to address conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction.
Take action to reduce the incidence and impacts of [marine] pollution on marine ecosystems, including through the effective implementation of relevant conventions adopted in the framework of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), and the follow-up of the relevant initiatives... as well as the adoption of coordinated strategies to this end. We further commit to take action to, by 2025, based on collected scientific data, achieve significant reductions in marine debris to prevent harm to the coastal and marine environment.
We commit to implement measures to prevent the introduction, and manage the adverse environmental impacts, of alien invasive species, including, as appropriate, those adopted in the framework of IMO 
We call for support to initiatives that address ocean acidification and the impacts of climate change on marine and coastal ecosystems and resources. In this regard, we reiterate the need to work collectively to prevent further ocean acidification, as well as enhance the resilience of marine ecosystems and of the communities whose livelihoods depend on them, and to support marine scientific research, monitoring and observation of ocean acidification and particularly vulnerable ecosystems, including through enhanced international cooperation in this regard. 
We commit to intensify our efforts to meet the 2015 target as agreed to in the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation to maintain or restore [fish] stocks to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield on an urgent basis. In this regard we further commit to urgently take the measures necessary to maintain or restore all stocks at least to levels that can produce the maximum sustainable yield, with the aim of achieving these goals in the shortest time feasible, as determined by their biological characteristics.
We recommit to eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing as advanced in the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation, and to prevent and combat these practices, [...]
Conclude multilateral disciplines on fisheries subsidies which give effect to the WTO Doha Development Agenda and the Hong Kong Ministerial mandates.
Identify and mainstream strategies by 2014 that further assist developing countries, in particular the least developed countries and small island developing States, in developing their national capacity to conserve, sustainably manage and realize the benefits of sustainable fisheries, including through improved market access for fish products from developing countries


Small island developing states
Strengthen the United Nations System support to SIDS in keeping with the multiple ongoing and emerging challenges faced by SIDS in achieving sustainable development.
Convene a Third International Conference on SIDS in 2014 invite the General Assembly at its 67th Session to determine the modalities of the Conference


Landlocked developing countries
Organizations of the United Nations system to speed up further the implementation of the specific actions in the five priorities agreed upon in the Almaty Programme of Action and those contained in the Declaration on the midterm review.


Regional efforts
UN to undertake coordinated regional actions to promote sustainable development, recognize, in this regard, that important steps have been taken to promote sustainable development, through relevant forums, including within the United Nations regional commissions. We call for actions at all levels for their further development and implementation.


Disaster risk reduction
We call for States, the United Nations system, the international financial institutions, subregional, regional and international organizations and civil society to accelerate implementation of the Hyogo Framework for action 2005-2015 and the achievement of its goals. We call for disaster risk reduction and the building of resilience to disasters to be addressed ... as appropriate, to be integrated into policies, plans, programmes and budgets at all levels and considered within relevant future frameworks. We invite governments at all levels as well as relevant subregional, regional and international organizations to commit to adequate, timely and predictable resources for disaster risk reduction in order to enhance the resilience of cities and communities to disasters, according to their own circumstances and capacities.


Climate change
Prompt operationalization of the Green Climate Fund.


We commit to improving the livelihoods of people and communities by creating the conditions needed for them to sustainably manage forests, including through strengthening cooperation arrangements in the areas of finance, trade, transfer of environmentally sound technologies, capacity-building and governance, as well as by promoting secure land tenure, particularly decision-making and benefit-sharing, in accordance with national legislation and priorities.
We call for urgent implementation of the non-legally binding instrument on all types of forests and the Ministerial Declaration of the high-level segment of the ninth session of the United Nations Forum on Forests on the occasion of the launch of the International Year of Forests.
We invite the Collaborative Partnership on Forests to continue its support to the Forum on Forests and encourage stakeholders to remain actively engaged in the work of the Forum.
We commit to working through the governing bodies of member organizations of the Collaborative Partnership on Forests (CPF) to integrate, as appropriate, the sustainable management of all types of forests into their strategies and programmes.


Promote international cooperation and partnerships, as appropriate, and information exchange, and in this context we welcome the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity, 2011-2020, for the purpose of encouraging active involvement of all stakeholders in the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, as well as access to and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources, with the vision of living in harmony with nature.
Work of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services to commence early.


Desertification, land degradation and drought
We recognize the need for urgent action to reverse land degradation. In view of this, we will strive to achieve a land-degradation neutral world in the context of sustainable development. This should act to catalyse financial resources from a 
range of public and private sources. 
We reaffirm our resolve in accordance with the United Nations Convention to 
Combat Desertification to take coordinated action nationally, regionally and 
internationally, to monitor, globally, land degradation and restore degraded lands in 
arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas.
We stress the importance of the further development and implementation of scientifically based, sound and socially inclusive methods and indicators for monitoring and assessing the extent of desertification, land degradation and drought.
We reiterate the need for cooperation through the sharing of climate and weather information and forecasting and early warning systems related to desertification, land degradation and drought, as well as to dust storms and sandstorms, at the global, regional and subregional levels. In this regard, we invite States and relevant organizations to cooperate in the sharing of related information, forecasting and early warning systems.


We invite States to strengthen cooperative action with effective involvement and sharing of experience of all relevant stakeholders, by strengthening existing arrangements, agreements and centres of excellence for sustainable mountain development, as well as exploring new arrangements and agreements, as appropriate.


Chemicals and waste
We commend the increased coordination and cooperation among chemical and waste conventions, namely the Basel Convention, the Rotterdam Convention and the Stockholm Convention, and encourage continued enhanced coordination and cooperation among them and with the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management. We take note of the important role regional and coordinating centres of the Basel Convention and those of the Stockholm Convention.


Sustainable consumption and production
In light of the adoption of the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production. 
General Assembly, at its sixty-seventh session, to designate a Member State body to take any necessary steps to fully operationalize the framework.


We resolve to promote education for sustainable development and to integrate sustainable development more actively into education beyond the United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development.


Gender equality and women's empowerment
We support the work of the United Nations system, including the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN-Women), in promoting and achieving gender equality and women�s empowerment in all aspects of life, including with respect to the linkages between gender equality and women�s empowerment and the promotion of sustainable development. We support the work of UN-Women in leading, coordinating and promoting the accountability of the United Nations system in this regard.
Donors and international organizations, including the United Nations system organizations, as well as the international financial institutions, regional banks and major groups, including the private sector, to integrate fully commitments and considerations on gender equality and women's empowerment and to ensure the participation of women and effective gender mainstreaming in their decision-making and full programming cycle. We invite them to play a supportive role in the efforts of developing countries to integrate fully commitments and considerations on gender equality and the empowerment of women and ensure the participation of women and effective gender mainstreaming in their decision making, programme planning, budgeting and implementation, in accordance with national legislation, priorities and capacities.


B. Sustainable Development Goals
Establish an inclusive and transparent intergovernmental process on sustainable development goals that is open to all stakeholders, with a view to developing global sustainable development goals to be agreed by the General Assembly by constituting an open working group by the opening of the GA 67th session comprising of 30 representatives nominated by Member States from the 5 regional groups.
Secretary-General to provide initial input to the work of the working group and establish an inter-agency technical support team and expert panels, as needed, drawing on all relevant expert advice. Reports on the progress of work will be made regularly to the General Assembly.
Relevant bodies of the United Nations system, within their respective mandates, to support the regional economic commissions in collecting and compiling national inputs in order to inform this global effort for global, integrated and scientifically based information on sustainable development.


VI: Means of Implementation


A. Finance
Establish an intergovernmental process under the United Nations General Assembly to assess financing needs, consider the effectiveness, consistency and synergies of existing instruments and frameworks, and evaluate additional initiatives, with a view to prepare a report proposing options on an effective Sustainable Development Financing Strategy to facilitate the mobilization of resources and their effective use in achieving sustainable development objectives. [further details in para.'s 256 and 257]
An intergovernmental committee, comprising thirty experts nominated by regional groups, with equitable geographical representation, will implement this process, concluding its work by 2014.
General Assembly to consider this report and take appropriate actions.
We recognize that greater coherence and coordination among the various funding mechanisms and initiatives related to sustainable development are crucial. We reiterate the importance of ensuring that developing countries have steady and predictable access to adequate financing from all sources to promote sustainable development.
We recognize the important achievements of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) over the past 20 years in funding environmental projects and welcome important reform processes that GEF has carried out during recent years, and we call for its further improvement and encourage GEF to take additional steps, within its mandate, to make resources more accessible to meet country needs for the national implementation of their international environmental commitments. We support further simplification of procedures and assistance to developing countries, in particular in assisting the least developed countries, Africa and small island developing States in accessing resources from GEF, and enhanced coordination with other instrument


B. Technology
Relevant UN system agencies to identify options for a facilitation mechanism that promotes the development, transfer and dissemination of clean and environmentally sound technologies by, inter alia, assessing technology needs of developing countries, options to address them and capacity building... 
The UN Secretary General, on the basis of the options identified and taking into account existing models, to make recommendations regarding the facilitation mechanism to General Assembly 67th session.
We recognize the importance of space-technology-based data, in situ monitoring and reliable geospatial information for sustainable development policymaking, programming and project operations. In this context, we note the relevance of global mapping and recognize the efforts in developing global environmental observing systems, including by the Eye on Earth Network and through the Global Earth Observation System of Systems. We recognize the need to support developing countries in their efforts to collect environmental data.


C. Capacity-building
Invite all relevant agencies of the United Nations system and other relevant international organizations to support developing countries and, in particular, least developed countries in capacity-building for developing resource-efficient and inclusive economies, including through: 
(a) sharing sustainable practices in various economic sectors; 
(b) enhancing knowledge and capacity to integrate disaster risk reduction and resilience into development plans; 
(c) supporting North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation for the transition to a resource efficient economy; and 
(d) promoting public-private partnerships.


D. Trade
Achieve progress in addressing a set of important issues, such as, inter alia, trade distorting subsidies and trade in environmental goods and services.
The members of WTO to redouble their efforts to achieve an ambitious, balanced and development-oriented conclusion to the Doha Development Agenda, while respecting the principles of transparency, inclusiveness and consensual decision-making, with a view to strengthening the multilateral trading system. In order to effectively participate in the work programme of WTO and fully realize trade opportunities, developing countries need the assistance and enhanced cooperation of all relevant stakeholders.


The Global Environmental Governance Project has embarked on an exciting new initiative — an Academic Council on Global Environmental Governance (AC/GEG). The project is a collaboration with the The Center for Law and Global Affairs at Arizona State University College of Law, and the Academic Council on the United Nations system. The Council seeks to...http://www.environmentalgovernance.org/